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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Prepare manuscripts according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). Manuscripts may be copyedited for bias-free language (see the following Manual).

Additional guidance on APA Style is available on the APA Style website.

Double-space all copy. Other formatting instructions, as well as instructions on preparing tables, figures, references, metrics, and abstracts, appear in the following Manual.


All manuscripts must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. After the abstract, please supply up to five keywords or brief phrases.


List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

Book with one author:

Author, A. A. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Book with two authors:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Book with more than two authors:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2005). Title of work. Location/City, State: Publisher.

Journal article:

Sawyer, S., & Tapia, A. (2005). The sociotechnical nature of mobile computing work: Evidence from a study of policing in the United States. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, 1

(3), 1-14.

A publication in press:

Junho, S. (in press). Roadmap for e-commerce standardization in Korea. International Journal of IT Standards and Standardization Research.

Edited book:

Zhao, F. (Ed.). (2006). Maximize business profits through e-partnerships. Hershey, PA: IRM Press.

Chapter in an edited book:

Jaques, P. A., & Viccari, R. M. (2006). Considering students’ emotions in computer-mediated learning environments. In Z. Ma (Ed.), Web-based intelligent e-learning systems: Technologies and applications

(pp. 122-138). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

Report from a university:

Broadhurst, R. G., & Maller, R. A. (1991). Sex offending and ecidivism

(Tech. Rep. No. 3). Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia, Crime Research Centre.

Published proceedings:

Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R. M. (1991). A motivational approach to self: Integration in personality. In R. Dienstbier (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 38. Perspectives on motivation (pp. 237-288). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis:

Wilfley, D. (1989). Interpersonal analyses of bulimia: Normal-weight and obese.

Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia.

A presented paper:

Lanktree, C., & Briere, J. (1991, January). Early data on the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSC-C). Paper presented at the meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, San Diego, CA.

Web site:

VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (1991). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates.

Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. Retrieved October 13, 2001, from http://www.pakistanreview.com

In-Text Citations:

In-text citations should appear with author surname followed by publication year in parentheses.

Example: (Brown, 2002) Variations of in-text citations:

Citing several references in-text:

In alphabetical order, each citation is separated by a semicolon and ampersand (&). The word, “and” should not be used to separate entries.

Example: In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major resource (Brown, 2002; Krall & Johnson, 2005; Smith, 2001).

Citing author within sentence if author’s name is mentioned directly within the manuscript text:

Example: Brown (2002) states that the value of data is recognized by

most organizations.

Direct quote in-text citations:


“In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major organization asset” (Smith, 2001, pp. 35-36) and must be carefully monitored by the senior management.


Brown (2002) states that “the value of data is realized by most organizations” (p. 45).

In-text citations should not appear numbered:


In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major resource [15; 30; 84].


In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major resource (Brown, 2002; Krall & Johnson, 2005; Smith, 2001).

For quotes exceeding 40 words, quotes should be formatted as a block quote (a block quote uses no quotation marks, and its margins are indented from the left; a period is placed before the parenthetical in-textcitation):


As an ever-growing number of people around the world have gained access to e-mail and Internet facilities, it has become clear that the communicative environment provided by these tools can foster language learning. E-mail facilitates access to speakers of one's target language. (Vinagre & Lera, 2007, p. 35)

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