Pakistan articles

PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS EIGHTEEN YEARS AFTER-IV

PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS EIGHTEEN YEARS AFTER-IV

RIZWAN ZEB TACTICAL WEAPONS, STRATEGIC AIMS: COUNTERING INDIAN MILITARY’S CONVETIONAL SUPERIROTY AND COLD START DOCTRINE India has been following a military doctrine which is defined as “a nonaggressive, non-provocative defence policy based on the philosophy of defensive defence.” According to Robert Ladwig between 1981 and 2004, India followed the so-called “Sundarji doctrine.” Under this doctrine,

PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS EIGHTEEN YEARS AFTER-III

RIZWAN ZEB NUCLEAR WEAPONS DURING INDO-PAK CRISES Since 1980s nuclear weapons have figured prominently in Indo-Pakistan conflicts. Even before the overt nuclearization of both countries in 1998, nuclear weapons played a decisive role in at least two crises — Brasstacks and the Compound Crisis 1990. After the nuclearization, India and Pakistan twice came close to

PAKISTAN’S TERROR WEEK: WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?

RIZWAN ZEB The new wave of terror attacks in Pakistan that has resulted in more than 100 deaths raise a number of questions about Pakistan’s war against terrorism. After a gap, during which it was assumed that the terrorist groups are on a retreat, the menace of terrorism has resurfaced in Pakistan. What is alarming

PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS: EIGHTEEN YEARS AFTER – II

RIZWAN ZEB PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR DOCTRINE: DAVID VERSUS GOLIATH? It is not surprising that a militarily weaker Pakistan without sufficient strategic depth places its reliance on nuclear weapons to ensure its national defence. With the increasing conventional imbalance between India and Pakistan, nuclear weapons for the latter assume the role of an essential penalty to offset

PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS: EIGHTEEN YEARS AFTER – I

RIZWAN ZEB Pakistan’s threat perception makes India its primary threat since 1947. When India started working on its nuclear programme, Pakistan for obvious reasons could not have ignored this development as it was to have dire consequences for Pakistan’s national security if countermeasures were not taken. The strongest advocate of Pakistan’s nuclear weapon programme was

How a Khairpur date is born and sold (In pictures)

Nadia Agha, DAWN: Pakistan is the sixth largest producer of dates in the world. Thanks to suitable climate conditions, Khairpur in Sindh occupies central place in the country’s date production. Agriculture is central to Khairpur’s economy and date production plays a vital role in providing people with sustainable livelihoods.

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